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Sequential study on reactive blue 29 dye removal from aqueous solution by peroxy acid and single wall carbon nanotubes: experiment and theory

Mahsa Jahangiri-Rad1*, Kazem Nadafi1, Alireza Mesdaghinia1, Ramin Nabizadeh1, Masood Younesian1 and Mohammad Rafiee2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, and center for water Quality Research, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Alborz University of Medical Science, Alborz, Iran

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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 2013, 10:5  doi:10.1186/1735-2746-10-5

Published: 5 January 2013


The majority of anthraquinone dye released to the environment come from antrapogenic sources. Several techniques are available for dyes' removal. In this study removal of reactive blue 29 (RB29) by an advanced oxidation process sequenced with single wall carbon nanotubes was investigated. Advanced oxidation process was optimized over a period of 60 minutes by changing the ratio of acetic acid to hydrogen peroxide, the compounds which form peroxy acid. Reduction of 20.2% -56.4% of reactive blue 29 was observed when the ratio of hydrogen peroxide/acetic acid/dye changed from 344/344/1 to 344/344/0.08 at different times (60, 120 and 180 min). The optimum ratio of acetic acid/hydrogen peroxide/dye was found to be 344/344/0.16 over 60 min. The resultant then was introduced for further removal by single wall carbon nanotubes(SWCNTs) as adsorbent. The adsorption of reactive blue 29 onto SWCNTs was also investigated. Langmuir, Freundlich and BET isotherms were determined and the results revealed that the adsorption of RB29 onto SWCNTs was well explained by BET model and changed to Freundlich isotherm when SWCNTs was used after the application of peroxy acid. Kinetic study showed that the equilibrium time for adsorption of RB 29 on to SWCNT is 4 h. Experiments were carried out to investigate adsorption kinetics, adsorbent capacity and the effect of solution pH on the removal of reactive blue29. The pseudo-second order kinetic equation could best describe the sorption kinetics. The most efficient pH for color removal (amongst pH=3, 5 and 8) was pH= 5. Further studies are needed to identify the peroxy acid degradation intermediates and to investigate their effects on SWCNTs.

Reactive blue29; Peroxy acid; Adsorption isotherm; Single wall carbon nanotubes; Equilibrium time; Kinetic studies