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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Synthesis and properties of Fe3O4-activated carbon magnetic nanoparticles for removal of aniline from aqueous solution: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

Babak Kakavandi1, Ahmad Jonidi2*, Roshanak Rezaei13, Simin Nasseri13, Ahmad Ameri1 and Ali Esrafily1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Medical sciences, Faculty of Medical sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Center for Water Quality Research (CWOR), Intitute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

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Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 2013, 10:19  doi:10.1186/1735-2746-10-19

Published: 17 February 2013

Abstract

In this study, powder activated carbon (PAC) and magnetic nanoparticles of iron (III) oxide were used for synthesis of Fe3O4-activated carbon magnetic nanoparticles (AC-Fe3O4 MNPs) as an adsorbent for the removal of aniline. The characteristics of adsorbent were evaluated by SEM, TEM, XRD and BET. Also, the impact of different parameters such as pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, aniline initials concentration and solution temperature were studied. The experimental data investigated by Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms and two models kinetically of pseudo first-order and pseudo second-order. The results indicated that the adsorption followed Langmuir and pseudo second-order models with correlation r2 > 0.98 and r2 > 0.99, respectively. The equilibrium time was obtained after 5 h. According to Langmuir model, the maximum adsorption capacity was 90.91 mg/g at pH = 6, and 20°C. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that adsorption of aniline on magnetic activated carbon was exothermic and spontaneous. This synthesized AC-Fe3O4 MNPs due to have advantages such as easy and rapid separation from solution could be applied as an adsorbent effective for removal of pollutants such as aniline from water and wastewater.

Keywords:
Fe3O4-activated carbon magnetic nanoparticles; Adsorption; Aniline; Kinetics; Thermodynamic